Some thoughts on summer 2021

Predicting mid-latitude weather in summer can be more of a challenge than in winter. This is generally because components of the atmosphere-ocean system which provide predictability during winter aren’t present in summer: we don’t have fully developed El Niño-Southern Oscillation episodes; there’s no stratospheric polar vortex; the Madden-Julian Oscillation tends to be less active; and… Read More Some thoughts on summer 2021

Weather and climate records are not mutually exclusive

The atmosphere is a chaotic system with an infinite number of configurations – the weather pattern on any specific day has never before been exactly the same everywhere. Thus, it is extremely difficult to link a specific weather event to climate change. And yet, when significant weather occurs, discussion immediately jumps toward climate change –… Read More Weather and climate records are not mutually exclusive