You can also check out my Google Scholar and ORCID profiles. Please contact me if you don’t have access to the journals and would like a copy of any of these papers.


Some exciting science is in the works, check back soon!


Messori, G., M. Kretschmer, S. H. Lee, and V. Wendt: Stratospheric Wave Reflection Events Modulate North American Weather Regimes and Cold Spells. Weather and Climate Dynamics,

Kolstad, E. W., S. H. Lee, A. H. Butler, D. I. V. Domeisen, and C. O. Wulff: Diverse surface signatures of stratospheric polar vortex anomalies. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres,

Lee, S. H., L. M. Polvani, and B. Guan: Modulation of Atmospheric Rivers by the Arctic Stratospheric Polar Vortex. Geophysical Research Letters,

Holley, D. and S. H. Lee: Forecasting extreme heat in the UK during July 2022. Weather,

Butler, A. H. and S. H. Lee: The 2021 Arctic Sudden Stratospheric Warming. State of the Climate in 2021: The Arctic, Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society,

Lawrence, Z. D., M. Abalos, B. Ayarzagüena, D. Barriopedro, A. H. Butler, N. Calvo, A. de la Cámara, A. Charlton-Perez, D.I.V. Domeisen, E. Dunn-Sigouin, J. García-Serrano, C. I. Garfinkel, N. P. Hindley, L. Jia, M. Jucker, A. Y. Karpechko, H. Kim, A. L. Lang, S. H. Lee, P. Lin, M. Osman, F. M. Palmeiro, J. Perlwitz, I. Polichtchouk, J. H. Richter, C. Schwartz, S.-W. Son, I. Statnaia, M. Taguchi, N. L. Tyrrell, C. J. Wright, and R. W.-Y. Wu: Quantifying stratospheric biases and identifying their potential sources in subseasonal forecast systems. Weather and Climate Dynamics,

Lee, S. H.: Weather in my life: Simon H. Lee. Weather,

Lee, S. H., A. J. Charlton-Perez, S. J. Woolnough, and J. C. Furtado: How do stratospheric perturbations influence North American weather regime predictions? Journal of Climate,


Smart, D., S. H. Lee, and E. Graham: Some unusual aspects of the climatology of Storm Arwen (2021). Weather,

Charlton-Perez, A. J., J. Bröcker, A. Y. Karpechko, S. H. Lee, M. Sigmond, and I. R. Simpson: A minimal model to diagnose the contribution of the stratosphere to tropospheric forecast skill. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres,

Lee, S. H.: Stratosphere-Troposphere Coupling on Subseasonal Timescales. PhD thesis, University of Reading.

Lee, S. H.: The January 2021 sudden stratospheric warming. Weather,


Lawrence, Z. D., J. Perlwitz, A. H. Butler, G. L. Manney, P. A. Newman, S. H. Lee, and E. R. Nash: The Remarkably Strong Arctic Stratospheric Polar Vortex of Winter 2020: Links to Record-Breaking Arctic Oscillation and Ozone Loss. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres,

Lee, S. H., Z. D. Lawrence, A. H. Butler, and A. Y. Karpechko: Seasonal Forecasts of the Exceptional Northern Hemisphere Winter of 2020. Geophysical Research Letters,

Lee, S. H.: The Stratospheric Polar Vortex and Sudden Stratospheric Warmings. Weather,

Charlton-Perez, A. J., W. T. K. Huang, and S. H. Lee: Impact of Sudden Stratospheric Warmings on United Kingdom mortality. Atmospheric Science Letters,

Lee, S. H., A. J. Charlton-Perez, J. C. Furtado, and S. J. Woolnough, 2020: Representation of the Scandinavia-Greenland Pattern and its Relationship with the Polar Vortex in S2S Forecast Models. Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society,

Butler, A. H., Z. D. Lawrence, S. H. Lee, S. P. Lillo, and C. S. Long, 2020: Differences between the 2018 and 2019 stratospheric polar vortex split events. Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society,


Lee, S. H., and A. H. Butler, 2019: The 2018-2019 Arctic stratospheric polar vortex. Weather

Lee, S. H., J. C. Furtado, and A. J. Charlton-Perez, 2019: Wintertime North American weather regimes and the Arctic stratospheric polar vortex. Geophysical Research Letters,

Lee, S. H., P. D. Williams, and T. H. A. Frame, 2019: Increased shear in the North Atlantic upper-level jet stream over the past four decades. Nature,

Lee, S. H., A. J. Charlton-Perez, J. C. Furtado, and S. J. Woolnough, 2019: Abrupt stratospheric vortex weakening associated with North Atlantic anticyclonic wave breaking. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres,

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